top of page

Understanding, Causes, and How to Care for Oily/Acne-Prone Skin

Oily and acne-prone skin can be challenging to manage, often causing frustration and affecting self-confidence. Understanding the underlying causes and implementing proper care routines can significantly improve skin health and appearance. In this article, we'll delve into the fundamentals of oily and acne-prone skin, explore its causes, and provide actionable tips on how to care for it effectively.

Understanding Oily/Acne-Prone Skin:

Oily skin occurs when the sebaceous glands produce excess sebum, leading to a shiny complexion and enlarged pores. Acne-prone skin is characterized by frequent breakouts, including blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and cysts, often resulting from clogged pores and bacterial growth.

Causes of Oily/Acne-Prone Skin:

Several factors contribute to the development of oily and acne-prone skin, including genetics, hormonal fluctuations, diet, stress, and environmental factors. Hormonal changes, such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can increase sebum production, leading to oily skin and acne flare-ups. Additionally, certain medications, skincare products, and lifestyle habits can exacerbate these conditions.

How to Care for Oily/Acne-Prone Skin:

Gentle Cleansing:

Proper cleansing is crucial for oily and acne-prone skin, but harsh cleansers can strip away natural oils and worsen the problem. Opt for a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser that effectively removes impurities without over-drying the skin. Consider products containing ingredients like salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or benzoyl peroxide to unclog pores and reduce acne-causing bacteria.


Regular exfoliation helps remove dead skin cells, unclog pores, and improve skin texture. However, over-exfoliation can irritate the skin and increase oil production. Choose a mild exfoliant, such as a chemical exfoliant with alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), to gently slough away dead skin cells and prevent acne breakouts.


Contrary to popular belief, oily skin still requires adequate hydration to maintain balance. Look for oil-free, non-comedogenic moisturizers that provide lightweight hydration without clogging pores. Ingredients like hyaluronic acid and niacinamide can help hydrate and soothe oily, acne-prone skin while regulating sebum production.

Sun Protection:

Protecting the skin from harmful UV rays is essential for overall skin health, including oily and acne-prone skin. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher and apply it daily, even on cloudy days. Opt for oil-free, non-comedogenic formulas to avoid pore congestion and breakouts.

Targeted Treatments:

In addition to a basic skincare routine, incorporating targeted treatments can help address specific concerns associated with oily and acne-prone skin. Consider products containing ingredients like retinoids, tea tree oil, or sulfur to control excess oil production, reduce inflammation, and prevent acne breakouts.


Caring for oily and acne-prone skin requires a combination of understanding its underlying causes and implementing proper skincare routines. By adopting gentle cleansing practices, exfoliating regularly, moisturizing effectively, protecting against sun damage, and incorporating targeted treatments, you can improve the health and appearance of your skin. Remember to consult with a skincare professional for personalized recommendations tailored to your specific needs.

Ready to take control of your oily/acne-prone skin? Book a session with our experienced skincare specialists today! Only at Carisma Aesthetics.



bottom of page